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Monkeypox is a viral zoonotic illness that is mostly found in tropical rainforests in Central and West Africa, although it can also be found in other parts of the world. Monkeypox is being treated with an antiviral drug that was designed for the treatment of smallpox. Monkeypox has a clinical appearance similar to smallpox, a related orthopoxvirus illness that was proclaimed eliminated globally in 1980. Monkeypox is less infectious and produces less severe sickness than smallpox. Fever, rash, and enlarged lymph nodes are common symptoms of monkeypox, which can lead to a variety of medical issues. Smallpox vaccines protected against monkeypox. There have been new vaccines developed, one of which has been approved for the prevention of monkeypox. The monkeypox virus, a member of the Orthopoxvirus genus in the Poxviridae family, causes monkeypox. Monkeypox is usually a self-limiting disease with symptoms lasting between two and four weeks. It is possible to have a severe case. The case fatality ratio has recently hovered around 3–6%. Monkeypox is spread to humans via close contact with an infected person or animal, or through infected material. Close contact with lesions, body fluids, respiratory droplets, and contaminated materials like bedding allows the monkeypox virus to spread from one person to another.


Monkeypox, Orthopoxvirus, zoonotic disease, smallpox

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