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In today's fast-paced society, individuals are subjected to numerous forms of stress, and the majority of the world's population suffers from various neurological disorders. Epilepsy is one of the most prevalent neurological illnesses of the brain, affecting around 50 million individuals worldwide, with 90% of them living in poor nations. High fever is caused by genetic factors, brain infection, stroke, tumours, and epilepsy. It places a significant financial burden on health-care systems in developing nations, and it is linked to stigma and discrimination against patients and their families in the community, at work, at school, and at home. Many epilepsy sufferers experience considerable mental stress, behavioural problems, and social isolation.  Seizures come in a variety of forms and are caused by a variety of systems in the brain. Hyperexcitability of neurons and hypersynchronous neural circuits are two characteristics of seizures. In predisposed brain local or generalised hyperexcitability regions, a multitude of processes change the equilibrium between excitation and inhibition, resulting in hypersynchronia. The review's goal is to talk about epilepsy's history, epidemiology, aetiology, pathophysiology, categorization, symptoms, diagnosis, management, and future trends.


Anti-epileptic drugs, pathophysiology, seizures, epidemiology, hypersynchrony

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