Main Article Content
Edible vaccines offer cost-effective, easily administrable, storable and widely acceptable as bio friendly particularly in developing countries. Oral administration of edible vaccines proves to be promising agents for reducing the incidence of varied diseases like hepatitis and diarrhea especially within the developing world, which face the problem of storing and administering vaccines. Edible vaccines are obtained by incorporating a specific gene of interest into the plant, which produces the desirable encoded protein. Edible vaccines are specific to supply mucosal activity alongside systemic immunity. Various foods that are used as alternative agents for injectable vaccines include cereals (wheat, rice, corn) fruits (bananas) and vegetables (lettuce, potatoes, tomatoes). Thus, edible vaccines overcome all the issues related to traditional vaccines and convince be best substitutes to traditional vaccines.