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Lantana camara is a well-known medicinal plant in traditional medicinal system. Lantana camara has a promising place in ayurvedic system of medicine due to its various medicinal values like antidiabetic, antiinflammatory, antibacterial , antifungal, antifertility etc. As per review of literature various parts of lantana camara have shown different pharmacological actions. Leaves have been reported for antiproliferative, antimicrobial, fungicidal, insecticidal and nematicidal, antimycobacterial, adulticidol, wound healing and anthelmintic activities. Whereas barks have shown antipyretic, and antispasmodic activity. Similarly fruits are reported for their Antidiabetic activity (in vivo). The fruit is unripe and these are inedible to human indigestion. fruits can result in serious damage to the digestive tract.
Lantana camara is regularly used as herbal medicine and in some areas as firewood and mulch. Especially in India, there has been to a great extent work conducted on the chemical constituents of Lantana camara. The leaf oil is employed as an antiseptic for scars; the roots are used for the treatment of a toothache and the flowers for chest complaints in children. The plant is rich in carbohydrates, alkaloids, tannins, saponins and phenolic compounds which witness the ample of medicinal potential of the herb. Lantana camara leaves extract exhibited anti-proliferative, antimicrobial, fungicidal, insecticidal and nematicidal activities. Lantana camara shoots extract exhibited significant antioxidant activity. The berries fruits are useful in fistula, pocks, tumors and rheumatism. The essential oil of Lantana camara exposed a broad spectrum of antibacterial, antimicrobial, and antifungal activities . In Lantana camara, chemical constituents are present as triterpenes like lantadenes A, B, C, and D, alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, Germacrene A, B and D and chief compounds are Valencene and γ- gurjunene-3.