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Neonatal jaundice is the condition often seen in infants around the second day after birth. It is mainly caused by increased levels of bilirubin (physiological jaundice and prolonged jaundice and other non organic causes) and the symptoms like yellow colour of the skin, dark urine, pale stools. It was assessed by colour of the skin and severity of jaundice (krammers staging score).Treated by phototherapy, exchange transfusion, pharmacological agents and natural and home remedies. By this article we concludes that parents should be educated about the consequences of severe hyperbilirubinemia and simple means to prevent it.